Perfins home page


Private Revenue Perfins of New South Wales

An Elsmore Coath production

The authors would welcome your comments additions or input into this work

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Other

Back to States index




User: Vanguard Insurance

Insurance Provider

Address: 126-130 Phillip St, Sydney, NSW

Revenue Use:

Numeral 1929-66 issue 1/6, 2/6, 18/-, £1, 30/-

Decimal 1966 issue 5c, 50c, 70

Rarity Scale:

Numeral 1929-66 issue 1/6 R4, 2/6 R4, 18/- R4, £1 R4, 30/- R4

Decimal 1966 issue 5c R4, 50c R4, 70c R4

Background: *Vanguard Insurance was established in Sydney in April 1951 and they expanded to other States establishing a branch in Melbourne in September 1951, on the corner of Queen and Bourke St's, one in Adelaide in May 1953 and later a branch in Perth.

In October 1954, despite modest performance, the company was involved in the launch of another insurance company, the National and General Insurance Co Ltd, (see N&G.a), a subsidiary of the Custom Credit Corporation Ltd.

In 1956 the company announced a bad financial result with a loss of over £323,00 that they attributed to their poor performance in a motor vehicle hire purchase venture.

Another insurer may have acquired the company at this stage but they certainly continued to use the Vanguard name as this possible sale precedes the use of the perforator.

The company was taken over by Gefina International Limited and delisted in February 1988.

126-130 Hunter St, Sydney, NSW

Device: The V.a device was most likely a single die device, as multiple strikes do not show any consistent relationship to each other.

The pattern is only found on the revenue stamps of NSW and only over a short period of time in 1965–1966.

Related Patterns: Refer to related company patterns in:

NSW:  N&G.a

Other – Section 2 Commercial Overprints


* Trove



User: Vacuum Oil Co (Later Pty Ltd)


Petroleum Refiner & Distributor


Address: Kembla Building, 58-60 Margaret St, Sydney, NSW

Revenue Use:

KEDVII 1909-28 issue 2d

Numeral 1917 issue 2d

Numeral 1929-66 issue 2d[blue], 2d

Decimal 1966 issue 4c, 15c, 50c, $1.40, $2

Rarity Scale:

KEDVII 1909-28 issue 2d R2

Numeral 1929-66 issue 2d[blue] R4, 2d R3

Decimal 1966 issue 4c R4, 15c R4, 50c R4, $1.40 R4, $2 R3

Background: Vacuum Oil started operating in the United States in the 1860 and in 1895 became the first oil company to be established in Australia. Up until that time foreign oil products were marketed in Australia via agents.

Vacuum Oil first opened offices in Melbourne and they were incorporated in 1904. In 1908 they merged with the Colonial Oil Company and they progressively expanded throughout Australia and establishing offices, processing and distribution facilities in, Sydney, Townsville, Perth, Fremantle, Port Adelaide, Newcastle, Hobart and other locations. In 1924 they opened a bulk terminal at Pulpit Point in Sydney.

They opened processing facilities in Altona (Melbourne) in 1940 and at Port Stanvac (South of Adelaide) in 1963.

In 1930 the US parent company merged with Standard Oil to become Socony Vacuum and later Socony Mobil but the Australian operation remained Vacuum Oil until it changed its name to Mobil Oil Australia in 1963.


Device: This VO/CO.a device was located in Sydney and is most likely a single die device as multiple strikes do not show any consistent relationship to each other.

The pattern is found on NSW revenue stamps as well as the postage stamps of Australia between 1914 and 1955. Late use on revenues is rare and this usage seems to have decreased from the mid 1930’s.

For more information about Vacuum Oil devices see the 'Study of Vacuum Oil Patterns used in Australia' under the Perfins Research tab at

Related patterns: Refer to other Vacuum Oil Company patterns in:

QLD:   VOCO.a  VOCO.b  VOCO.c  VO/CO.a VO/CO.b

SA:     VO/CO.a  VO/CO.b VO/CO.c VOCO.d


VIC:   VOCO.a  VOCO.b  VO/CO.a  VO/CO.b

WA:   MOA.a  VOCO.a  VOCO.b  VO/CO.a


A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Other

Back to States index

© copyright 2011

Perfins home page