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Private Revenue Perfins of New South Wales

An Elsmore Coath production

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Section 2 - Commercial Overprints

M

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MACDONALD/HAMILTON/& CO.a

 

User: MacDonald Hamilton & Co

Shipping

Address: Martin Place, Sydney, NSW

Revenue Use:

1929-66 Numeral issue 2d 

Rarity Scale:

1929-66 Numeral issue 2d R4

Background: *Benjamin Macdonald was born in March 1853 at Elgin, Scotland. He left school in 1866 and worked for a local law firm, Fife, Duff, Robertson & Skinner. In 1872 he joined the Glasgow shipbuilders A. & J. Inglis and in 1879 he took a position with Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co., managing agents for the British India Steam Navigation Co. (BI&CO) where he worked in Karachi and later Calcutta.

In 1884 Macdonald moved to Brisbane to the BI&CO subsidiary, Queensland Steam Shipping Co (QSS), and later to the newly formed British India & Queensland Agency Co. (BI&QA) and then in 1887 to the Australasian United Steam Navigation Co. (see BI&QA above). He was initially a travelling inspector, then later, agent, at Rockhampton (1887-90), Cooktown (1890-96) and Adelaide (1896-1900). In 1900 James Mackay (later Lord Inchcape) visited Australia to reorganize AUSN.'s and Macdonald was transferred to Brisbane as general manager of both AUSN. and BI&QA.

In the early years of the 1900’s Macdonald was instrumental in the formation of the 'Collins pool', which was an agreement between the major coastal shipping companies, in particular AUSN and their rival the Adelaide Steamship Co. This allowed the building of a larger Australian coastal fleet.

In 1915 James Mackay (by then Lord Inchape and chairman of BI&QA, wound up BI&QA an established, Macdonald, Hamilton & Co. and appointed them agents for AUSN, BISN Co and a number of other local and New Zealand shipping, insurance and trading companies including Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (later P&O).

He was later chairman of directors of E. Rich & Co. Ltd, Lymington Collieries Ltd (Sydney), and Blackheath Collieries Ltd (Brisbane). Between 1907-17 Macdonald was also Russian consul for Queensland.

Macdonald had married Letitia Amelia Rendall in Brisbane on 19 April 1888 and the couple had four daughters and a son. Macdonald died in October 1920 but was survived by his daughters and son (Rodney Wickham), who in turn became managing partner of Macdonald, Hamilton as was his son Benjamin Wickham.

Device: Handstamp

Related Patterns: Refer to other related company patterns in:

QLD: Other - Section 2 Commercial Overprints

        Received by British India & Qld Agency Company

        Received by Macdonald Hamilton & Co

*Australian Dictionary of Biography

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MASSEY HARRIS PTY LTD.a

User: Massey Harris Pty Ltd

Agricultural Machinery Manufacturers

Address: Concord West, Sydney, NSW

Head Office Melbourne, VIC

Railway Use:

1929 issue 6d

Rarity Scale:

1929 issue 6d R4

Background: * The company that was later to be known as Massey Harris, was founded in 1847 in Newcastle, Ontario, Canada by Daniel Massey as was initially known as the Newcastle Foundry and Machine Manufactory. The company made some of the world's first mechanical threshers, which could thresh (effectively thrash) wheat to separate the grain form the stalks and husks.

The company was expanded by Daniel’s son Hart and in 1879 it moved its headquarters to Toronto where it was renamed the Massey Manufacturing Co. In 1891 the company merged with A Harris, Son & Co Ltd to become Massey-Harris Company Limited and the largest agricultural equipment manufacturer in the British Empire

In 1910, the company acquired the Johnston Harvester Company located in Batavia, New York, making it one of Canada's first multinational firms. The company then embarked on the production of a range of tractors in addition to their core business of building threshers.

In 1930 the company expanded into Australia where it awarded the H.V. McKay Company exclusive Australian distribution of Massey-Harris machinery. Hugh Victor McKay had invented the stripper harvester in 1884, the first machine to combine the functions of reaping, threshing and winnowing grain from a standing crop.

McKay later established a manufacturing base at Ballarat, and then transferred to Braybrook Junction, where he took over the Braybrook Implement Company Works and renamed it Sunshine Harvester works. By the 1920s the H.V. McKay Company was running the largest implement factory in the southern hemisphere, covering 30.4 hectares (75 acres), and were leading the international agricultural industry through the development of the world's first self-propelled harvester in 1924.

The company was then renamed H.V. McKay Massey Harris Pty Ltd.

In 1953, the parent company merged with the Fergusun Company to become Massey-Harris-Ferguson, and in 1955, they acquired their Australian partner the H.V. McKay Company. In 1958 the company changed its name to Massey Ferguson.

Device: Handstamp

Related Patterns: Nil

*Wikipedia

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M.L.C..a .b

 

                              .a                                                            .b

User: The Mutual Life & Citizens Assurance Co Ltd

Life Assurance

Address: Citizens Building cnr Moore and Castlereagh St's, Sydney, NSW

Revenue Use:

.a 1929-66 Numeral issue 2d

.b 1929-66 Numeral issue 1d, 2d, 3d, 6d, 5/-

1966 Numeral issue 3c

Rarity Scale:

.a 1929-66 Numeral issue 2d R3

.b 1929-66 Numeral issue 1d R1, 2d R1, 3d R1, 6d R2, 5/- R1

1966 Numeral issue 3c R4

Background: See M.L.C./LIFE/OFFICE.a

Device: Stencil

Related Patterns: Refer to other MLC patterns in:

NSW: Other - Section 2 Commercial Overprints

         M.L.C./LIFE/OFFICE.a and .b

.b

.b

--------------------------------------------------------M.L.C./LIFE/OFFICE..a .b

 

.a

.b

User: The Mutual Life & Citizens Assurance Co Ltd

Life Assurance

Address: Citizens Building cnr Moore and Castlereagh St's, Sydney, NSW

Revenue Use:

.a 1918 issue 2d

.a 1929 issue 2d

.b 1929 issue 2d

Rarity Scale:

.a 1918 issue 2d R4

.a 1929 issue 2d R4

.b 1929 issue 2d R4

Background: *The MLC story starts with The Mutual Life Association of Australasia (MLA) which was formed in 1869 and transacted life assurance under the mutual principle, that is that the assets of the company were, in proportion, owned by the policy holders. Following the depression of the 1890’s MLA were in financial difficulty and in 1904 they sought the assistance of the Citizens Assurance Co Pty Ltd which had been formed by James Garvan in 1888 (some sources 1886).

The structure of Citizens and their status as a Proprietary Limited company made any acquisition difficult and the merger could not be affected until 1907 (some sources 1908). The combined company was called the Mutual Life and Citizens' Assurance Co.

In 1910 the Australian Widows Fund (see AWF.a in the Perfin section) was also having financial difficulties, mainly as a result of losses during the Victorian Land Boom in the late 1880’s, and the Directors of the Fund approached Mutual Life and Citizens' Assurance Co (MLC) and as a result the AWF was absorbed into MLC.

The combined company MLC flourished and the company established offices across Australia and New Zealand and by 1920 were the second largest life assurance provider in Australia behind AMP. In 1957 MLC was the first Insurer to use computer technology to manage its records.

In September 1968 the Australian Government of Sir John Gorton blocked the foreign takeover of MLC and by 1974 MLC was entrenched as Australia’s second largest insurer.

In 1982, Lend Lease made a partial (50%) takeover of MLC Life Limited and in 1985 MLC Life Limited became a wholly owned subsidiary of Lend Lease. MLC was purchased by the National Australia Bank in June 2000.

MLC Offices Castlereagh St, Sydney C 1930

MLC Offices Castlereagh St, Sydney C 1930

Also seen hand stamped in black

Device: Pre printed. Also seen handstamped in black

Related Patterns: Refer to other MLC patterns in:

NSW: Other - Section 2 Commercial Overprints

M.L.C..a .b

*Life Insurance in Australia by A C Gray (1977)

State Library of NSW

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