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Private Revenue Perfins of Western Australia

An Elsmore Coath production

The authors would welcome your comments additions or input into this work

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VOCo.a

User: Vacuum Oil Co

Petroleum Refiner & Distributor

Address: 37 Packenham St, Fremantle, WA

Revenue Use:

1897-1903 issue 1d.

1911-30 issue 1d, 3d.

Rarity Scale:

1897-1903 issue 1d R4.

1911-30 issue 1d R4, 3d R2.

Background: Vacuum Oil started operating in the United States in the 1860 and in 1895 became the first oil company to be established in Australia. Up until that time foreign oil products were marketed in Australia via agents.

Vacuum Oil first opened offices in Melbourne and they were incorporated in 1904. In 1908 they merged with the Colonial Oil Company and they progressively expanded throughout Australia with offices, processing and distribution facilities in Sydney, Townsville, Perth, Fremantle, Port Adelaide, Newcastle, Hobart and other locations. In 1924 they opened a bulk terminal at Pulpit Point in Sydney.

They opened processing facilities in Altona (Melbourne) in 1940 and at Port Stanvac (South of Adelaide) in 1963.

In 1930 the US parent company merged with Standard Oil to become Socony Vacuum and later Socony Mobil but the Australian operation remained Vacuum Oil until it changed its name to Mobil Oil Australia in 1963.

Device: This Western Australia device is most likely a single head device and was one of 4 similar devices brought into service by Vacuum Oil at about the same time c1904. The other devices were located in Sydney, Adelaide and Brisbane.

These 4 devices have been considered to be a single pattern in previous references, but they are certainly separate devices as they have subtle differences in pin location that are consistent to patterns from a single location. What is more the devices have overlapping remote usage. The Western Australia device is found on Western Australian revenue stamps as well as the postage stamps of Western Australia and later on Australian stamps between 1904 and 1919.

For more information about Vacuum Oil devices see the “Study of Vacuum Oil Patterns used in Australia” under the Perfins Research tab at www.perfins.com.au

Related patterns: Refer to other Vacuum Oil Company patterns in:

NSW: VO/CO.a

QLD: VOCO.a  VOCO. VOCO.c  VOCO.d  VO/CO.a VO/CO.b

SA:   VO/CO.a, VO/CO.b, VO/CO.c, VOCO.d

TAS:  VOCO.a

VIC:  VOCO.a  VOCO.b  VO/CO.a VO/CO.b

WA:  MOA.a  VOCO.b  VO/CO.a

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VOCo.b

User: Vacuum Oil Co

Petroleum Refiner & Distributor

Address: 37 Packenham St, Fremantle, WA

Revenue Use:

1911-30 issue 1d (mono colour), 2d.

1951-63 issue 1d, 2d, 3d, 6d.

Rarity Scale:

1911-30 issue 1d (mono colour) R3, 2d R3.

1951-63 issue 1d R1, 2d R1, 3d R1, 6d R4.

Background: See VOCO.a

Device: The VOCO.b device came into service in Perth in about 1930 and it replaced the VO/CO.a device. Unlike other Vacuum Oil devices which tended to be purchased in batches of devices that produced similar patterns, this Perth device is distinctive and singular.

It is a single head device and the pattern is characterised by an indentation in the left hand corner of the O. It would seem to have been a sound device as it produces reasonably consistent and clear strikes over the life of the device. In the period from around 1935 until 1955 the back of the C is sometimes missing or only evidenced by blind pins. This seems to have been addressed as in later usage up until 1961 the pattern is complete. The device was replaced by the MOA.a device following the name change from Vacuum Oil to Mobil Oil Australia.

For more information about Vacuum Oil devices see the “Study of Vacuum Oil Patterns used in Australia” under the Perfins Research tab at www.perfins.com.au

Related patterns: Refer to other Vacuum Oil Company patterns in:

NSW: VO/CO.a

QLD: VOCO.a  VOCO.b  VOCO.c  VOCO.d  VO/CO.a VO/CO.b

SA:   VO/CO.a, VO/CO.b, VO/CO.c, VOCO.d

TAS:  VOCO.a

VIC: VOCO.a  VOCO.b  VO/CO.a VO/CO.b

WA: MOA.a  VOCO.a  VO/CO.a

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VO/Co.a

User: Vacuum Oil Co

Petroleum Refiner & Distributor

Address: 37 Packenham St, Fremantle, WA

Revenue Use:

1911-30 issue 1d (mono colour), 2d, 3d, 6d.

Rarity Scale:

1911-30 issue 1d (mono colour) R3, 2d R3, 3d R4, 6d R4.

Background: See VOCO.a

Device:  The VO/CO.a device was one of a pair of similar devices that were brought into service by Vacuum Oil in about 1921. The VO/CO.a device was located in Perth and the sister device was located in Adelaide. See list of related patterns below. As with other Vacuum Oil devices that produce a similar pattern, previous listings have considered the patterns of these 2 separate devices to be a single pattern.  Postmarks and revenue use form different States clearly shows that these similar patterns are the result of strikes from 2 devices.  In addition there are subtle pin position differences that are consistent to patterns from a single location.

The VO/CO.a device is only in service until about 1930 when it is replaced by the VOCO.b device. (see above). There is some evidence of missing pins in some late strikes from the VO/CO.a device but these are limited to a few pins in the O of CO and are not always missing so it is difficult to say why the device was taken out of service.  Notably the sister device in Adelaide continued in service until at least 1956.

Related patterns: Refer to other Vacuum Oil Company patterns:

NSW: VOCO.a

QLD: VOCO.b  VOCO.c  VOCO.d  VO/CO.a VO/CO.b

SA:   VO/CO.a, VO/CO.b, VO/CO.c, VOCO.d

TAS: VOCO.a

VIC: VOCO.a  VOCO.b  VO/CO.a VO/CO.b

WA: MOA.a  VOCOa  VOCO.b

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