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Private Revenue Perfins of Victoria

An Elsmore Coath Howard production

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Section 2 - Commercial Overprints

T

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TAUBMANS/(Vic.) Pty. LTD..a

 

User: Taubmans (Victoria) Pty Ltd

Paint Manufacturers

Address: 562 Burke St, Melbourne, VIC

             24 Lonsdale St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1932 Series 3d

Rarity Scale:

 

1932 Series 3d R4

Background: *Taubmans Pty Ltd was established in 1912 by brothers George and Nathaniel Taubman in Sydney. It grew to become one of the largest manufactures of domestic interior and exterior paints in Australia.

Prior to the establishment of the company, the two Taubman brothers had imported and distributed paint supplies for painters and signwriters, however the growing demand for locally produced paint products saw them establish a manufacturing plant in St Peters, Sydney, in 1901, and create the Taubmans Pty Ltd business in 1912. Nathaniel Taubman sold his share of the business to George in 1914, and went on to establish his own company, Sterling Varnish Co. with his son Claude Percival.

 

George Taubman continued to expand Taubmans Pty Ltd and by 1928 the company was one of the largest paint manufacturers in New South Wales. Technological innovation within the plastics and paint industries during the mid twentieth century further secured Taubmans position as a leader in the manufacture and distribution of synthetic alkyd paint. George Taubman retired as managing director of Taubman Industries in 1916, and died in September 1938. His son Henry Taubman was chairman of the company from 1938-1952.

 

In the 1940s Taubmans Industries was formed. By the 1950s the Taubmans range included oil paints, enamel, super gloss enamel, waterproof, paving paint, aluminium enamel finish, semi flat, clear gloss, texture finish dull varnish, subdued lustre, washable water paints and brilliant gloss finishes. The interior range includes: 'Russolene' , 'Dulsetta', 'Gransetta', 'Zotena', 'Staywhite', 'Butex', 'Tradex', 'Dynamel', 'Revelite', Eggshell Varnish', 'Plasco', 'Penetrol', and 'Tradex'. The exterior range includes: 'Solpah Paving Paint', 'Cement Proof Paint', 'Roof & Structural Paint', 'Mironite' and 'Silvfros'.

 

During the mid twentieth century, Taubmans underwent rapid expansion, establishing both industrial and retail premises in all states of Australia, as well as in New Zealand. By the mid 1950s Taubmans retail showrooms were located in 12 branches across Australia. In 1958 Taubmans launched the 'Sepctrocolour' range of paints, for interior and exteriors.

Device: Preprinted

Related Patterns: Nil

*Victoria Museum

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T.B.&S...a

User: T. B & S (Australasia) Ltd. (Thomas Borthwick & Sons)

Meat Works

Address: 84 William St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use:

1934 Tax Series 1d, 2d, 1/-, 1/4d, 2/6d

Rarity Scale:

 

1934 Tax Series 1d R3, 2d R3, 1/- R1, 1/4d R3, 2/6d R3

Background :Thomas Borthwick was born in 1835 at Musselburgh, near Edinburgh. As a youth, he gained experience in the family butcher’s shop but soon showed talent in livestock dealing. In 1863, he set out as a livestock agent at Manchester and in 1871, at Liverpool, which had newly started receiving live cattle imports from America and Canada.

In 1871, Borthwick married Letitia Banks of Liverpool, daughter of Richard Banks, of Richard Banks & Sons, shipping butchers. The trade connection was to have significant impact on the development of Borthwick’s business.

 

In 1883, Borthwick’s brother-in-law, Joseph Banks, resident in New Zealand and a member of a syndicate of New Zealand farmers shipping frozen meat to Liverpool, sent a consignment to Borthwick who became the official selling agent for New Zealand Loan & Mercantile Co.

In 1892 Borthwick bought no. 367 stand at Smithfield (the major London meat market), quickly followed by several more stands. At the same time, Borthwick opened an office at the Central Meat Market, soon moving to larger offices at West Smithfield.

 

In 1897, Borthwick took his two eldest sons; Thomas Banks and James, into partnership and the business became known as Thomas Borthwick & Sons. His two other sons would later also become partners.

 

The first successful bulk shipment of Australian frozen meat, for Australian Frozen Meat Co., took place in November, 1879, (the cattle were killed ashore and frozen on board). New Zealand followed suit in early 1880, in which year Borthwicks had depots in Liverpool, Glasgow, Birmingham and Manchester.

 

By 1900, the firm was operating 22 shops in Liverpool, Glasgow, Birmingham, Hull and elsewhere. A 35 year lease was taken on Kennet Wharf (soon known as Borthwick wharf) on the Thames and a subsidiary company Thames Cold Storage Co. Ltd was formed in 1901. The company moved, in 1905, from West Smithfield to Audrey House, London, re-locating to Priory House, London, in 1963.

 

Using local agents, Borthwicks were active in Victoria from the mid-1890s, and in 1898, Thomas Banks Borthwick made the first of several visits to Australia and New Zealand to encourage meat producers to consign meat to the firm. In 1902, Thomas Borthwick & Sons, in their own right, were buying frozen lamb in Adelaide. (By 1900, the company had its own livestock buyers in New Zealand, with an office in Christchurch.)

 

The company did a huge trade in the 1900s exporting rabbits, by the hundreds of thousands, especially from Victoria. In 1905, Thomas Borthwick & Sons became TB & S Ltd. and a subsidiary company, TB & S (Australasia) Ltd, covering Australia and New Zealand with the head office in Melbourne, was also formed. The Portland & Western District Freezing Works were offered to Borthwicks (for £16,000) at the same time negotiations were underway for the purchase of 77 acres of land at Brooklyn, then on the edge of Melbourne, the purpose built freezing works opening in 1908 at a cost of £600,000. In New Zealand, in 1905, Borthwick’s started building processing works near Hastings in the North Island.

 

While Borthwick’s already had buyers operating in Queensland, it was not until 1909 that a site on the Brisbane River was purchased at Moreton, with the first shipment in 1912. Total cost £115,000.

In 1914, TB & S (Aust’asia) Ltd acquired the lease on Banchory Station (originally 400sq. miles gradually reduced by the State to 120 sq. miles) in Queensland, followed later by Stanbroke and Alderley stations. In 1933, the company bought the works at Merinda, near Bowen, Queensland.

 

The first successful shipment of Australian chilled beef occurred in the mid-1930s and rabbits were a sideline. In Victoria, vans with portable chillers collected from local rabbiters, the carcasses going to Brooklyn and Portland, a business which continued into the 1960s.

 

A prolonged drought in the USA beef producing states resulted in Borthwicks entering the American market with imports from Australia and New Zealand. An agency had existed in America since the 1930s, but in 1960 Thomas Borthwick & Sons (USA) Ltd was incorporated.

 

By 1963, TB & S (Australasia) Ltd in Australia owned processing works at Albany, Adelaide, Yahi, Portland, Brisbane and Bowen, three cattle stations and shareholdings in a fourth. In New Zealand, the company owned five processing works and operated another eighteen.

 

Thomas Borthwick was created a hereditary peer in 1912 and took the title of Lord Whitburg, after the estate he had purchased in Scotland. He died before the peerage could be conferred and the title passed to his son, Thomas Banks Borthwick.

Device: Handstamp

Related Patterns: Nil

Thomas Borthwick

Brisbane

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TNT Pty. LTD..a

 

User: TNT Pty Ltd

Address: St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1932 Series 3d

Rarity Scale:

 

1932 Series 3d R4

Background:

Device: Handstamped

Related Patterns: Nil

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