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Private Revenue Perfins of Victoria

An Elsmore Coath Howard production

The authors would welcome your comments additions or input into this work

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Section 2 - Commercial Overprints

M

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MALLEYS/LTD..a

 

User: Malleys Ltd

Department Store

Address: St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1932 Series 3d

Rarity Scale:

 

1932 Series 3d R3

Background:

Device: Handstamp

Related Patterns: Nil

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MANTONS..a

 

User: J. Manton & Sons Ltd

Department Store

Address: 226-236 Bourke St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1915 Series 2d

Rarity Scale:

 

1915 Series 2d R4

Background:

Device: Handstamp

Related Patterns: Nil

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MAPLES..a

 

User: Maples

Piano & Furnature Warehouse

Address: 256-264 Clarendon St, Melbourne, VIC

             Chapel St, Prahran, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1915 Series 2d

Rarity Scale:

 

1915 Series 2d R4

Background: Benjamin Nathan, son of Benjamin and Eliza Nathan, was born in 1864 in Collingwood into a large family. Benjamin is reputed to be the co-founder of Maples Stores together with Frederick Thomas, the pair being listed together in a 1906 court case along with R(ueben?) Nathan and Joseph Nathan as responsible partners in Maples. Frederick Thomas appears as the signatory representing Maples, in April, 1906, on an agreement for Maples to be sole Victorian and Tasmanian agents for British piano maker, H.G. Brinsmead.

It is probable however that Benjamin gained his trading experience under his brother, Simeon who was already in the furniture warehouse business in May, 1889, at ‘The Furnishing Arcade’, 225 Elizabeth Street. Simeon opened a new furnishing warehouse in December, 1889, at 248-258 Swanston Street, using exactly the same advertising methods and time payment system, as well as offering free packing and delivery to the railhead for country purchasers, as would later be used by Maples stores. After the disastrous ‘Great Swanston Street Fire’ in early 1890, Simeon Nathan re-located to 233 Elizabeth Street.

In the meantime, Benjamin Nathan (described as ‘the younger’ in 1903) aged 26, representing B. Nathan & Co., had engaged architect Robert Worden to design a 3 storey warehouse in Chapel Street, Prahran, tenders for its construction being called in April, 1890. In December, 1890, Benjamin Nathan’s store opened at 319-321 Chapel Street, Prahran.

The use of the name ‘Maples’ (relying on the prestige of the totally unconnected Maples & Co. of London) does not occur until 20 May, 1893, when the store at 186-190 Clarendon Street, South Melbourne, is also mentioned for the first time. The stores specialised in pianos (29 makes) and organs but also offered complete furnishing for any home.

In October, 1895, the connection between Simeon and Benjamin is confirmed when S. Nathan & Co. gave their address as 319-321 Chapel Street, Prahran, and 184-190 Clarendon Street, South Melbourne.

By 1899, “Maples Complete Furnishing Warehouse” advertised as “The cheapest in Australia” with “furniture sent all over Australia”. The firm offered a large mail order catalogue and the option of exchange within a 12 month period on pianos “without any loss”. In 1899, the firm held the lease on a two storey brick warehouse, shop and dwelling in North Melbourne, on the corner of Victoria and Errol streets, and was planning to re-build the South Melbourne premises.

Of interest in the business structure of the company, Maples in Errol Street and the later chain of furniture stores throughout the suburbs advertised separately from the Prahran and South Melbourne stores which always advertised together as an entity. In January, 1905, the Clarendon Street warehouse was to be vacated to allow a complete remodelling; however February saw the banks threatening imminent foreclosure on the entire business resulting in an Insolvency Sale, followed by an Easter Sale. In the midst of the crisis, “the Great Maples Organisation” involving Maples of Chapel Street, Prahran, and Clarendon Street, South Melbourne, underwent a total financial re-structuring, followed by a Reconstruction Sale, followed by Show Fair Sale, and then a Christmas Sale. (The Errol Street store was not included in any of these). In January, 1906, Maples of Chapel Street re-opened as a “new furniture and piano warehouse”.

In 1934, fire destroyed the Clarendon Street building which was rebuilt as a modern 3 storey warehouse by architect, Harry Norris, in late 1935. By this time Maples had already begun expanding into the suburbs, probably still as a separate business entity from the two original warehouse stores.

Maples stores continued to trade well into the 1960s.

In July 1935, Benjamin Nathan died, age 71, at his magnificent residence ‘Ripponlea’ and its 19 acre estate in Elsternwick which he had purchased in 1910. Benjamin was a close associate of the notorious underworld figure John Wren. Together they purchased the Brisbane ‘Daily Mail’, speculated in mining stocks, and acquired control of numerous racecourses (mainly in Queensland). Nathan gained ownership of the pony tracks at Richmond, Fitzroy and Ascot. Benjamin Nathan left an estate valued at probate at £1,087,903.

In July, 1939, Joseph Nathan, co-director of Maples chain of furniture stores, died of a heart attack at the wheel of his car in Clarendon Street. He was 68.

Device: Handstamp

Related Patterns: Nil

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M&G.a

 

User: Unknown

Address:

Revenue Use:

1940 State Tax issue 6d, 1/-, 2/-, 3/-, 3/-[olive],4/-, 5/-, 6/-, 10/- 15/-, 18/-, £1  

Rarity Scale:

 

1940 Tax Issue 6d R3, 1/- R1, 2/- R1, 3/- R3, 3/-[olive] R4, 4/- R3, 5/- R2, 6/- R4, 10/- R3, 15/- R4, 18/- R4, £1 R4

Background:

Device: Handstamped

Related Patterns: Nil

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MOORES.a

 

User: Charles Moore & Co (Vic) Pty Ltd

Department Store

Address: Chapel St, Prahran, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1932 Series 3d

Rarity Scale:

 

1932 Series 3d R4

Background: Details on this company are limited but it was known to have been started in 1896 by Charles Moore and expanded into a chain of Department Stores, some referred to as Economy Stores.

Moore died in September 1916 but the Stores continued well into the 1970’s.

Device: Preprinted

Related Patterns: Nil

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MORSHEAD'S/BALLARAT..a

 

User: Morshead's Department Store

Address: Ballarat, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1932 Series 3d

Rarity Scale:

 

1932 Series 3d R4

Background:

Device: Preprinted

Related Patterns: Nil

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M.M.B.W..a .b .c .d .e .f .g .h

.a

   

.b                                                   .c

   

.d                                                   .e

   

.f                                                   .g

.h

User: Melbourne & Metropolitan Board of Works

Address: 110 Spencer St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use:

.a 1911 Series 3d, 1/- [black]

.b 1915 Series 2d, [red]

.c 1915 Series 2d, [black]

.c 1915 Series 2d, [black, with stops]

.d 1915 Series 3d, [green]

.e 1915 Series 2d, 3d, [red]

.f 1915 Series 2d, [blue]

.g 1915 Series 2d, [black]

.h 1966 Series 50c, [black]

Rarity Scale:

 

.a 1911 Series 3d R2, 1/- R2

 

.b 1915 Series 2d R2

 

.c 1915 Series 2d R2

 

.c 1915 Series 2d [with stops] R3

 

.d 1911 Series 3d R2

 

.e 1915 Series 2d R2, 3d R2

 

.f 1915 Series 2d R2

 

.g 1915 Series 2d R2, 2d[double overprint] R4

 

.h 1966 Series 50c R1

Background: *In 1891, Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works became responsible for Melbourne's water supply system. In 1991, it was merged with a number of smaller urban water authorities to formcoration Melbourne Water.

In 1949 the M.M.B.W. was authorised to prepare a comprehensive plan for Melbourne and the metropolitan area through an amendment to the 1944 Town and Country Planning Act, in 1954 the board was made the chief planning authority for metropolitan Melbourne, until the they were passed to the Ministry for Planning and Environment in 1985.

Device: Preprinted. 2d recorded in Black, Blue or Red.

Related Patterns: Nil

*Wikipedia

.g Double Overprint

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THE/MYER/EMPORIUM/LIMITED..a.b.c

.a

            

.b                                                      .c

User: The Myer Emporium Ltd

Address: 314-366 Burke St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

.a 1911 Series 3d

.b 1915 Series 2d[sideways up or down]

.c 1930 Roulette Series 2d, 3d

.c 1932 Series 3d

Rarity Scale:

 

.a 1911 Series 3d R1

 

.b 1915 Series 2d[sideways up or down] R1

 

.c 1930 Roulette Series 2d R3, 3d R4

 

.c 1932 Series 3d R1

Background: *The Myer retail group was started by Sidney Myer, who migrated from Russia to Melbourne in 1899 with very little money and little knowledge of English to join his elder brother, Elcon Myer (1875-1938), who had left Russia two years earlier. They opened the first Myer store in Bendigo, Victoria in 1900. After prospering, the second store opened in 1908.

In 1911 Myer purchased the business of Wright and Neil, Drapers, in Bourke Street, Melbourne, near the General Post Office, and a new building was completed and opened in 1914. From this base in Melbourne, Myer built Australia's largest chain of department stores, and the only chain with stores in all Australian states.

In 1918, the Doveton woollen mills at Ballarat were purchased, and in 1921 a new building fronting Post Office Place was added at Melbourne and in the following years Myer purchased adjoining properties, eventually building a store known as the Myer Emporium. Myer expanded to Lonsdale Street in the 1920s.

The Myer Emporium grew with the purchase of the old established businesses of Robertson & Moffat and Stephens & Sons. In 1925, Myer Emporium Ltd was listed on the Melbourne Stock Exchange and the new building on the Lonsdale Street frontage was begun. In Adelaide, in 1925, the company Myer SA Stores Ltd acquired a controlling interest in Marshall's department store and its shares continued to be listed on the Adelaide Stock Exchange until Myer Emporium Ltd made a successful takeover bid in 1966. A separate building in Queensberry Street, Melbourne, was put up in 1928, and the Collins Street businesses of T. Webb and Sons, china importers, and W. H. Rocke and Company, house furnishers, were bought and transferred to the Bourke-street building. By 1934, the public company had a paid-up capital of nearly £2,500,000. The company was then employing 5300 people with medical and nursing aid for the staff, and rest homes for them at the seaside and in the Dandenong Ranges.

On the death of Sidney Myer in 1934, leadership of the company fell to Elcon Myer, and on the death of Elcon in 1938, leadership went to their nephew Norman Myer. Norman Myer led the company until his death in 1956.

Myer grew by developing its own stores (becoming one of Australia's major property owners and developers in the process) and acquiring other department stores, including Adelaide's Marshall's, Western Australia's Boans in 1984, Queensland's Barry and Roberts and in New South Wales they acquired Western Stores, Farmers & Co in 1961 and Grace Brothers in 1983.

Device: Preprinted in black

Related Patterns: Myer.a, Myer Ballarat.a, Myer Geelong.a, Myer Chadstone.a

*Wikipedia

 

                         No Stop to LIMITED

Also used in Geelong (see: Geelong store below)

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MYER.a

User: The Myer Emporium Ltd

Address: 287 Little Bourke St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1932 Series (used 1962-1966)3d

1966 Series

1981 Series 5c

Rarity Scale:

 

1932 Series 3d R1

 

1981 Series 5c R1

Background: See The Myer Emporium Ltd.a

Device: Preprinted

Related Patterns: The Myer Emporium Ltd.a, Myer Ballarat, Myer Geelong.a Myer Chadstone.a

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MYER/BALLARAT.a

   

User: The Myer Emporium Ltd

Address: 301 Sturt St, Ballarat, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1932 Series 3d

Rarity Scale:

 

1932 Series 3d R1

Background: See The Myer Emporium Ltd.a

Device: Preprinted, 3d Recorded in Black, Blue or Red

Related Patterns: The Myer Emporium Ltd.a, Myer.a, Myer Geelong.a, Myer Chadstone.a

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MYER/GEELONG.a

User: The Myer Emporium Ltd

Address: 10 Malop St, Geelong, VIC

Later 107-123 Malop St, Geelong, Vic

Revenue Use: 

1932 Series 3d

Rarity Scale:

 

1932 Series 3d R1

Background: See The Myer Emporium Ltd.a

Device: Preprinted

Related Patterns: The Myer Emporium Ltd.a, Myer.a, Myer Ballarat.a, Myer Chadstone.a

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MYER/(CHADSTONE).a

User: The Myer Emporium Ltd

Address: 1341 Dandenong Rd. Chadstone, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1932 Series 3d

Rarity Scale:

 

1932 Series 3d R3

Background: See The Myer Emporium Ltd.a

Device: Preprinted

Related Patterns: The Myer Emporium Ltd.a, Myer.a, Myer Ballarat.a, Myer Geelong.a

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