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Private Revenue Perfins of Victoria

An Elsmore Coath production

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Y

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Y.a

User: E L Yencken & Co

Artists Materials

Address: From 1894 - 304 Flinders St, Melborne, VIC

     From 1904 - 396 Little Collins St, Melborne, VIC

Revenue Use:

1911 Series 6d

Rarity Scale:

 

1911 Series 6d R4

 

Background: *Edward L Yencken and E L Yencken & Co (later Ltd)

 

Edward Lowenstern Yencken (1854-1932), merchant, was born on 13 February 1854 at Brixton, Surrey, England, son of Edward Ferdinand Yencken, merchant, and his wife Ellen. Edward attended school at Shrewsbury but his family moved to Melbourne, Victoria (Australia) in the 1860’s and he completed his education at Melbourne Church of England Grammar School. His father Edward, senior, held positions in various banking and insurance companies in Melbourne.

 

In 1871 Edward, junior, joined the Melbourne branch of the Bank of New South Wales, but the following year he moved to Brooks, Robinson & Co., wholesale oil, colour and glass merchants and importers of painters' and decorators' supplies, thus entering the trade he would eventually dominate.

 

On 24 January 1882 he married English-born Florence Orr and later that year, after reaching managerial level at Brooks, Robinson & Co, he decided to start his own business. He returned to England for ten months to establish connexions with British and European manufacturers, and to establish a buying office at 9 New Broad Street, London.

 

In January 1883 E. L. Yencken & Co., wholesale importers and general indent merchants, opened for business at 3 (some sources say 5) Flinders Street, Melbourne, sharing a large building with cellars and three floors above with the tea merchants, Griffiths Bros. Yencken was reputed to have begun with substantial capital and this is supported by the fact that his business expanded rapidly, despite the loss in May 1885 of goods worth £70,000 in a sensational fire. By 1888 the firm had two adjoining city warehouses (perhaps 3-5 Flinders St) and a large store by the Yarra River. Its warehouses were equipped with modern labour-saving devices including hydraulic lifts and an internal iron tramway which delivered goods to their entrances.

 

In 1889 he sought tenders for the building of new premises and he moved to these at 304 Flinders St as early as 1894, possibly sooner. This was not Edward’s first building project as in 1887-88 he had built the mansion “Redcourt” on 5 acres on Orrong Road, in the inner Melbourne suburb of Armidale.

 

Yencken gradually absorbed the business of his main competitors, including that of Brooks, Robinson & Co. and in 1892 the firm became a limited liability company as E L Yencken &Co Ltd. It would appear that the London office had moved to Leadenhall House, 99-103 Leadenhall St, London some time in the 1890’s. The Melbourne head office moved to Yencken House at 384-396 Little Collins Street in 1904 and later shifted from the city to South Melbourne after World War II.

 

Edward Yencken died on 7 September 1932 and was survived by his wife, two sons and two daughters.

 

Device: The Y.a pattern was struck from a Temporary die and as a result there is some slight variation to the pattern. Ordinarily with such a die there would be variation in settings that would give different spacing between letters, such as in Y&CO.b, but because Y.a is a simple and singular letter pattern there are no such variations.

 

The pattern is found rarely on the revenue stamps of Victoria but more commonly on the postage stamps of Australia between 1919 and 1925.

 

Related Patterns: Refer to other Yencken patterns in:

 

VIC: Y&Co.a Y&Co.b Y&Co.c Y&Co.d

 

Sources:

 

* Australian Dictionary of Biography.

* Trove.

* Walking Melbourne.

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Y&Co.a

User: E L Yencken & Co

Artists Materials

Address: From 1894 - 304 Flinders St, Melborne, VIC

     From 1904 - 396 Little Collins St, Melborne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1886-1899 Series, inscribed 'STAMP DUTY' 1d (shades)

Rarity Scale:

 

1886-1899 Series 1d R4

 

Background: See Y.a above

 

Device: The Y&CO.a pattern was produced on a customised device in a single die format.

 

The device was made in England by Slopers in 1889 and the earliest use in Australia is late in 1889. Y&CO.a was most likely the Companies first perforating device and interesting the device was returned to England to be used in the Companies London office in about 1899.

 

Use in Victoria is from 1889 is restricted to revenue use but the pattern is also found on postage stamps from about 1892.

 

Use in England continued until at least 1937 and the pattern is numbered Y0200.02 in the GB Perfin Catalogue.

 

Related Patterns: Refer to other Yencken patterns in:

 

VIC: Y.a Y&Co.b Y&Co.c Y&Co.d

 

Sources:

 

SPPB #97 Article by Ron Whyte and David Coath

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Y&Co.b

User: E L Yencken & Co

Artists Materials

Address: From 1894 - 304 Flinders St, Melborne, VIC

     From 1904 - 396 Little Collins St, Melborne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1886-1899 Series, inscribed 'STAMP DUTY' 1d (shades)

Rarity Scale:

 

1886-1899 Series 1d R4

Background: See Y.a above

Device: The Y&CO.b pattern was struck from a Temporary die and as a result there is some slight variation to various settings of the pattern.

 

As shown by the examples above, the variation can be in the spacing between the different component letters, but additionally the O is sometimes found separated from the C. There are more than 20 different variations reported, but not all are found on revenue stamps.

 

The pattern is found over the period 1895 until at least 1903, with use on revenue stamps being rather scarce but use on postage stamps is much more common.

 

 

Related Patterns: Refer to other Yencken patterns in:

 

VIC: Y.a Y&Co.a Y&Co.c Y&Co.d

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Y&Co.c

      

 

User: E L Yencken & Co

Artists Materials

Address: From 1894 - 304 Flinders St, Melborne, VIC

     From 1904 - 396 Little Collins St, Melborne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1886-1899 Series, inscribed 'STAMP DUTY' 1d (shades)

Rarity Scale:

 

1886-1899 Series 1d R4

 

Background: See Y.a above

 

Device: The Y&CO.c pattern was struck from a Temporary die and as a result there is some slight variation to various settings of the pattern.

 

As with Y&CO.b above there could be variation in the layout of this Y&CO.c. Such variation would be in the spacing between the letters but the pattern would have letters of the same scale and style. There are more than 25 different variations reported, but not all are found on revenue stamps.

 

The pattern is found over the period 1896 until at least 1903, with use on revenue stamps being rather scarce but use on postage stamps is much more common.

Single Die

 

Related Patterns: Refer to other Yencken patterns in:

 

VIC: Y.a Y&Co.a Y&Co.b Y&Co.d

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Y&Co.d

User: E L Yencken & Co

Artists Materials

Address: From 1894 - 304 Flinders St, Melborne, VIC

     From 1904 - 396 Little Collins St, Melborne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1902 Series 6d

Rarity Scale:

 

1902 Series 6d R4

 

Background: See Y.a above

 

Device: Single Die

 

Related Patterns: Refer to other Yencken patterns in:

 

VIC: Y.a Y&Co.a Y&Co.b Y&Co.c

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