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Private Revenue Perfins of Victoria

An Elsmore Coath production

The authors would welcome your comments additions or input into this work

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P

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P/&C.a

User: Peterson & Co Pty Ltd

Tea & Coffee Merchants

Address: 348 Flinders St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use:

1915 2d

Rarity Scale:

 

1915 Series 2d R4

Background: J F McKenzie till 1915 then bought out by Peterson & Co late 1915. Peterson & Co continued to use up McK/&C.a printed receipt and perfin stock until depleted. Invoice use for McKenzie can be traced till April 4 1916, perfin use can be traced till 10 April 1917.

Device: Single Die

Related Patterns: See McK/&C.a and McK/&Co.a in Victoria

 

Peterson Invoice using McKenzie McK/&Co.a Perfin

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PL/&B.a

User: Paterson, Laing & Bruce

Warehousemen

Address: 13-15 Flinders Lane, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use:

1884 Stamp Duty Series: 5/-

Rarity Scale:

 

1884 Series 5/- R4

Background:

The origins of the company date back to 1850 when J.C.Young opened a small warehouse in Geelong. Later in 1852 after gold was discovered in Victoria, Young established a branch in Ballarat and appointed John Paterson as Manager. The business was later moved to Melbourne and Paterson was admitted to a partnership, the company then being known as J. C. Young & Co. There were further changes in the partnerships as follows; 1860 first being called Paterson, Palmer & Co, then, after the amalgamation with Ray Glaister & Co; as Paterson, Ray, Palmer & Co. In 1876 the company became Paterson Laing & Co. and then finally Paterson, Laing & Bruce with John Bruce joining the company in 1878.

 

The Depression of the 1890’s were difficult times for the company but during this period Bruce managed to borrow substantial moneys to buy out his senior partner John Paterson and become the major shareholder. In 1900 the company opened a branch in Sydney however Bruce died in 1901 leaving the management of the company to his sons Earnest, in Australia and Stanley who lived in London.

 

Initially in 1898 Paterson, Laing & Bruce Ltd was registered in London but on John Bruce’s death it was taken over by a newly registered Paterson, Laing & Bruce (1901) Ltd in July 1901, with the '1901' being taken out of the name in 1903. After completing his studies and experience with a commercial legal firm, Stanley Bruce was appointed acting Chairman in 1907 (confirmed in 1908) staying in London, as this was still the seat of the companies other Directors, shareholder and financiers.

 

By 1910 the company had become well established in Sydney and was growing in Melbourne.  That year Stanley returned to Australia as General Manager as Ernest was overseas and they again exchanged positions in 1914 at the outbreak of World War I.

 

Despite the war and the fact that both Earnest and Stanley were on active service, the company prospered. Stanley was discharged in 1917 as wounded and returned to Australia as General Manager and in April 1918 successfully won the Federal seat of Flinders for the National Party. He was later Prime Minister of Australia from 1923-1929.

 

Stanley Bruce spent eight months of 1919 at head office in London. Ernest died that year, leaving Stanley to handle the two positions that they had shared. He again went to London early in 1921 but by 1922 he was made Treasurer in the Australian Government and his political career had eclipsed his business career and he handed over the running of the company to his solicitor to Thomas Alston.

 

In the 1929 election Bruce lost his seat and his Prime Ministership and again turned his attention to his business that was under growing pressure. Although re elected in the next election in 1931 he spent most of his time abroad on various appointments including High Commissioner in London, but retired from Australian politics in 1945.

 

In 1947 New Year honors Bruce received a Viscountcy, and chose to be Bruce of Melbourne and took a seat in the English House of Lords, as well as accepting various directorships, mainly with Australian companies. Bruce continued to live in London where he died on 25 August 1967.

 

In February 1966 the company was merged with Robert Reid & Co Ltd into Paterson, Reid & Bruce Ltd.

Device:

Related Patterns:

VIC: P.L&B/M.a

NSW: PL/&B.a

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P.L&B/M.a

 

User: Paterson, Laing & Bruce

Warehousemen

Address: 13-15 Flinders Lane, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use:

1884 Stamp Duty Series: 4/-, 5/-

1886-1899 Series, inscribed 'STAMP DUTY' 1d (shades)

Rarity Scale:

 

1884 Series 4/- R4, 5/- R4

 

1886-1899 Series 1d R4

Background: See PL/&B.a above

Device:Single Die

Related Patterns:

VIC: PL/&B.a

NSW: PL/&B.a

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P.R.T..a

   

User: Pentland, Roberts & Thompson

Solicitors

Address: 467 Little Collins St, Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1879 Series 2/6d, 3/-, £8, £50

1886-1899 Series 1/-, £5

Rarity Scale:

 

1879 Series 2/6d R3, 3/- R4, £8 R4, £50 R4

 

1886-1899 Series 1/- R3, £5 R5

Background:

Device: Single Die

Related Patterns: Nil

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P.W.a

User: Permewan, Wright & Co Ltd

Produce Merchants in NSW. Customs Forwarding Agents in VIC

Address: 129-131 Sussex St, Sydney, NSW

             Melbourne, VIC

Revenue Use: 

1886-1899 Series, inscribed 'STAMP DUTY' 1d (shades), 2d, 3d, 6d

1902 Series 1d, 6d (Bistre)

1911 Series 1d, 6d (Violet)

Rarity Scale:

 

1886-1899 Series 1d R4, 2d R4, 3d R4, 6d R4

 

1902 Series 1d R2, 6d R4

 

1911 Series 1d R4, 6d R3

Background: *John Permewan, was born in Penzance, Cornwall, England, in 1837 and immigrated to Ballarat, Victoria in the early 1850’s. He joined the carriers and commission agents company, Browne, Osborne & Co who operated between Geelong and Ballarat. Permewan became a partner in 1861 but that same year the partnership split with Browne and Osborne forming their separate companies, Browne, Sons & Co. and T. Osborne & Co., respectively.   

Permewan joined T. Osborne & Co and carried on business until 1869 when he joined with E. Hunt to form Permewan Hunt & Co.. In 1876 Hunt retired and J. E. Wright joined the company and it became Permewan Wright & Co. It became a limited company in 1879. (Some sources 1884).

The business grew through expansion and acquisition. In July 1875 they acquired Coghill's and the Wagga Wagga Steam Navigation Co. and this gave them a large share of the Murray trade centred in Echuca. They then expanded into the Darling and Murrumbidgee Rivers and by 1888 Permewan Wright had 48 branches in Victoria and New South Wales and agencies at almost every railway station. They established a 3 storey warehouse in Collins St, Melbourne and their London agent, Pickford & Son, linked them to an extensive international trade.

The company expanded its road cartage network in addition to commissioning two cargo and three passenger steamers, which ran between Geelong and Melbourne. The Depression of the 1890s forced many agents, and river traders out of business and this only served to strengthen Permewan Wright & Co.

John Permewan remained as head of the company until failing health forced him to retire in 1902. He died at his home in Ballarat on 23 December 1904 aged 67, survived by his wife Isabelle nee Towers, and by a son and a daughter.

The company name changed to Permewan Wright Ltd in 1927; and the business was redirected into wholesale hardware and later the company became a broadly based chain of supermarkets, after a merger with Grocery & General Merchants Ltd.  They later acquired the Victorian, NSW and Tasmanian grocery chain Moran and Cato in 1969.

Device: The PW.a device is a single die device, which is found used on the revenue and postage stamps of NSW and Victoria and later the postage stamps of Australia, collectively from at least 1895 until about 1925.

Evidence from postmarks on postage stamps indicates that usage was widespread, mainly across Victoria, and the usage in NSW overlaps with the Victorian usage. This can sometimes be explained by cross State usage but this is only in the period around 1912 when the Post Offices were looking to use up State issues prior to the issuing of the first Australian stamps in 1913.

The patterns found on all these remote usages are exactly the same. It is possible that this was through the use of a series of identical devices, but in such instances there are small differences in the pattern, different wear characteristics, consistent missing pins and the like that lead to the identification of specific devices/patterns to particular locations. However this is not the case with the P.W.a pattern and we consider that it is more likely that the stamps were punctured centrally and that they were distributed for use in the companies various offices.

Related Patterns: Refer to other Permewan Wright and related company patterns in:

NSW:  PLD.a

NSW:  P.W.a

VIC:    P.W.a

*Australian Dictionary of Biography

*State Library of Victoria

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